Scoliosis is characterized by the sideway curvature of the spine, leading to an ‘S’ or ‘C’ curve. Most scoliosis cases are idiopathic or of unknown origin. However, congenital defects that affect normal spine development, infection of or injury to the spine, as well as neuromuscular conditions can lead to scoliosis.
While most cases are mild and do not progress to require invasive treatment, people with scoliosis can sometimes suffer from back pain. Scoliosis treatment without surgery can be done through physiotherapy exercises.