A tear of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most common injuries to the knee. A quick movement or sharp turn when running or jumping is the usual culprit of an ACL injury.
Those who play basketball, volleyball, tennis, football, soccer, and similar sports are more likely to injure their ACL as a result of their rapid, twisting knee movements. A badly torn ACL has been known to put an early end to a promising career for many athletes.
You know you have an ACL injury when there is a popping noise in the affected knee, swelling and pain, restricted range of motion, and difficulty in walking. RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation) is very crucial in the first 24 hours of the injury. Visit a physiotherapist for proper evaluation, treatment and rehabilitation.
ACL Injury Rehab
ACL rehabilitation aims to restore muscle strength, regain functional stability, minimize re-injury, and achieve optimum functional level. Ignoring ACL injury and not getting treatment as soon as possible can result to the progression of symptomatic instability and recurrent injuries. These injuries can damage the articular cartilage and the menisci that, in turn, may lead to osteoarthrosis and even osteoarthritis.
Depending on the severity of the injury, the most serious may need surgery but for less severe cases, a combination of anti-inflammatory drugs, a knee brace, and physio exercises is the best way to ACL injury management.
Gait training, passive flexion range of motion exercises as well as knee mobilization routines will help rehabilitate the injured ACL. The exercises will progress in intensity and range as the weeks wore on.
Management and Recovery
Once the pain and swelling has been managed and the movement are slowly worked on by physiotherapy exercises, the torn ACL is on its way to recovery. The next step now is to prevent future recurrence of the injury.
The injured knee must be 90% back to its original capacity before an athlete can get back to sport. Three hopping tests can help your physiotherapist ensure that the exercise program is successful in returning the injured knee back to it uninjured state.
Early intervention is crucial in treating an ACL injury so visit a physiotherapist today. Get started on an ACL injury rehabilitation program and work your way back to the game!